For centuries herbs have been revered for both culinary and medicinal value. They are known to cure colds, reduce insomnia, adding flavour and zest to food. Growing herb is relatively easy. This is because herbs thrive in most type of soil, require less fertiliser and are less prone to pest and diseases.
A herb is a plant with no woody stem and dies at the end of the growing season. They are categorised into annual and perennials. Annual herbs last for a year whereas perennials last for two seasons before drying out.
At home, herbs can be grown either inside or outdoors depending on your needs, space and climate. Indoor herbs are easy to access, needless wedding and grow all year round. For outdoor herbs, the yields are higher, more floral and there is more space to cultivate.
In any case, herb needs plenty of sunlight for photosynthesis, moderate temperatures and well-drained soil. Most herbs originate from the Mediterranean hence such conditions will make them flourish.
For indoor gardens
The location for indoor herb growing is critical. For a herb to grow under such setting, it needs at least 6 hours if sunlight which is tough to achieve in cold seasons. The best spot will be the area between two windows, one facing south and other west. If not, supplement with HID growth light.
For indoor gardens, a growing medium that is recommended .choose the one with loose and drain well soil. You can opt to use soil mix or soilless mix.
Water your herbs adequately. Too much water will make the roots to rot. Using a soil moister meter can eliminate chances of over and under watering the herbs.
For annual herbs, it is okay to grow them indoors all year round. However, for perennials, it is advised to keep them outside during the summer and bring them in before winter.
The location of outdoor garden needs to be picked carefully. Choose a place that has plenty of sunlight. Six to eight hours of sunlight will produce herbs with pleasant scent and taste.
The solid should be well drained and loam. You can fertilise the soil with organic manure. To prepare the bed, dig 10-12 inches into the ground and turn it over. Use a rake to level the seedbed.
Water the seedling using a light shower to avoid uprooting.
Planting and propagation
Some herbs can be planted straight in the garden while other need to be germinated on the seedbed. For seedling, they should be ready after 5-10 weeks. For direct seeding use the guideline on the seed packet. Use the recommended spacing as well.
During propagation always use lots of manure to replant. The soil should be moist until the new plant becomes established.
Herbs are easy to maintain. Most produce oils and chemicals that repel pest. If attacked by insects or other undesirables visit the pest problem solver and get a recommendation of how to remedy.